Liver disease is a general term that encompasses the all the possible problems that stop the liver from performing its normal functions. Generally, the liver is able to function adequately unless more than 75% of the liver is damaged. Following, is a list of ten common, causes of liver damage.
Excessive alcohol use is the most frequent culprit of liver damage. For men, high risk alcohol consumption is drinking more than four regular drinks a day, and more than 14 drinks a week. For women, high risk consumption, is more than three drinks a day, and more than 10 drinks a week. There are three main types of liver disease related to alcohol use, including:
• Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease is the first stage of alcohol-related liver disease, and results in fat being deposited in the liver’s cells. Anyone who consumes alcohol, though it may be just a few days, will develop a fatty liver condition. At this early stage, the disease does not usually produce symptoms, and liver tests may indicate the liver is functioning normally.
• Alcoholic Hepatitis
Alcoholic hepatitis is the second stage of alcohol-related liver disease, involving inflammation, fat deposits in the liver cells, and minor scarring. Symptoms can be mild to severe, and may include pain, fever, poor appetite, nausea, vomiting, jaundice, and fever. Liver tests demonstrate raised enzyme levels, and abnormal liver functioning.
• Alcoholic Cirrhosis
Cirrhosis is the end-stage of alcohol-related liver disease, typified by a non-functional liver composed of hard scar tissue instead of soft, healthy tissue. Symptoms are comparable to those experienced by individuals with sever hepatitis.